A manufactured fiber refined from cotton filaments and/or wood pulp, and acetic acid that has been extruded through a spinneret and then hardened.


A type of nylon made by DuPont®.


Bamboo fabric is made from the pulp of the bamboo grass. It is light and strong, has excellent wicking properties, and has some antibacterial properties.


A crisp, fine linen which is sometimes called altar cloth and used for that purpose.


A term applied to a yarn or a fabric that is made up of more than one fiber.

Boiled Wool

Wool fabric that is processed in hot water and felted to create a very dense final product used for coats, jackets, and slippers.


This fabric can be a knit or a woven but is made with a novelty yarn. The finished fabric has protruding loops or curls on the surface.


Carbon-infused fibers created by burning of bamboo are blended with synthetic fiber to create a durable, high tech fabric that is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, breathable, and moisture wicking.


A lightweight silk or silk-like fabric.


A soft fuzzy fabric developed in France where chenille translates to caterpillar. It can be made from cotton or a blended fiber.


An extremely sheer, lightweight, soft fabric made of silk, polyester, rayon, or other fibers.


This is a study plain or twill weave cotton fabric.


A glazed cotton in a plain weave. Chintz has bright colors and prints, often florals.

Combed Cotton

Fabric made with cotton fibers that are combed to remove short fibers and any debris.


A polyester fiber designed to move moisture away from the body and out onto the surface of the garment for quick evaporation.


Usually made from cotton, corduroy is a durable pile fabric with lengthwise ridges cut into the pile called wales.


A natural fiber that grows in the seedpod of the cotton plant.

Cotton Lisle

A hard-spun two-ply cotton yarn made from long staple fibers and treated to remove all short fuzzy ends for a smooth finish.


Damask refers to the type of weave used to create jacquard-woven florals or geometric designs.

Double Knit

A knit fabric in which two layers of loops are formed that cannot be separated.

Ecosil polyester

Ecosil means the polyester fibers are spun very compactly to give the fabric a clean appearance and a resistance to pilling and abrasion.

Egyptian cotton

All cotton grown in Egypt is “Egyptian” but it is not all extra-long staple cotton which is the most desirable and softest.


Elastane is just another name for an old fiber, Spandex.


A type of fabric with patterned cut-out designs, around which stitching or embroidery is applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.


A glossy, soft, finely-ribbed silk-like woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers.


Lightweight, synthetic fiber that can be used to line coats, vests, and padded garments.

French terry

A circular knit fabric with a looped pile back and smooth face. The fabric can be a natural fiber like cotton or bamboo or a synthetic fiber.


A sturdy fabric with a twill weave that can be made of cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers.

Hydrophilic Fabric

Fabric that attracts water and is absorbent.

Hydrophobic Fabric

Fabric that tends to repel water.

Interlock knit

A rib stitch variation, interlock stitch fabrics are thicker, heavier, and more stable than single knit constructions.

Italian Nylon

A very high quality knit fabric with 4-way stretch that comes from Italy.


Any fabric that has a pattern woven into the fabric rather than printed on it is a jacquard.

Jacquard Knit

A double knit fabric in which a Jacquard type of mechanism is used.


A generic term for a plain knit fabric without a distinct rib.


Knit fabrics are made the same way a knitted scarf is made by someone at home with two needles and a ball of yarn.


A netlike ornamental fabric made by looping, twisting, or knitting thread in patterns by hand or machine.


A woven fabric using flat silver or gold metal threads to create either the design or the background in the fabric.


Latex is made with rubber and thus has rubber-like qualities. It is used in some elastics to provide greater elasticity.


A fabric made from fibers obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. The fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton.


The name given to material sewn into the inside of a garment to make it more opaque or more comfortable against the skin.


Lycra is the trademarked spandex fiber produced by DuPont.


Lyocell is a cellulose fabric obtained by an organic solvent spinning process.

Memory Foam

Memory foam is often used to give shape to a garment.

Mercerized Cotton

Cotton that has been through a wet finishing process, which swells the yarns of the fabric to give it a round smooth surface and stops the cotton from further shrinkage.

Merino Wool

Merino wool comes from certain sheep that produce a wool fiber that is long and fine.


An open-weave knitted or woven fabric that produces a net or sheer-like effect.

Micro Modal

Micro Modal® is a trademarked microfiber from an Austrian textile company, Lenzing, made from spun beechwood cellulose.


Fabric made with microfiber means that the fabric’s filaments are extremely fine and usually a blend of polyester or polyamide (nylon) fibers.


Microfleece is an ultra-soft synthetic wool-like fabric.


Modal is made with cellulose from beech trees and is essentially a variety of rayon.


A completely synthetic fiber, nylon is known for its superior flexibility and excellent resilience.


A velvet-like fabric that has been flattened to achieve a desired design or look.

Peau de Soie

A heavy twill-weave drapeable satin fabric, made of silk fibers or a manufactured fiber.

Peruvian Pima Cotton

Pima cotton grown in Peru and harvested by hand, which reduces the scratchy impurities and guarantees a more brilliant white shade that can be easily dyed.

Pima Cotton

Pima cotton is a generic name for extra-long staple cotton grown in the U.S., Australia, and Peru.


A medium-weight fabric, either knit or woven, with raised dobby designs including cords, wales, waffles, or patterns.


The basic fiber-forming substance for nylon fiber. It is also the European term for nylon.


This is both the name of a fabric and a fiber. Polyester has high strength, excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance.


This is a two-way stretch nylon fabric used in high-end compression garments.


A silk-like fabric made from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other vegetable matter.

Rib Knit

A knitted fabric with alternating raised and lowered rows. More elastic and durable than plain knits.


Patented by Cluett, Peabody and Co., Inc,. the label means the cotton fabric shrinkage is held to just 1 percent.


A woven type of fabric with the characteristic of being highly lustrous on one side, and matte on the other.


A rubber-like polymer, which maintains its elasticity over a wide range of temperatures.


A natural filament fiber produced by the silkworm in the construction of its cocoon.


Soy fabric is made from the leftover dregs from soybean oil or tofu production making it eco-friendly.


A synthetic fiber made from polyurethane. It is lightweight, highly elastic, strong, durable and non-absorbent to water and oils.


A natural rubber latex/nylon stretch fabric with thousands of air holes for comfort and breathability.

Supima Cotton

The name “Supima” is a licensed trademark of a group of cotton growers. It is a 100 percent American Pima cotton.

Supplex Nylon

Supplex nylon is made by DuPont®. It is a cottony soft nylon that offers the performance benefits of a man-made fabric with the look of cotton.


Tactel nylon is made by DuPont. It is a silkier, softer nylon with a crinkle finish. It is lightweight and quick drying.


Tencel is the trademark name for lyocell.


A synthetic fiber with a hollow core to keep you warmer and drier by wicking moisture away.


This word comes from the French word “tricoter” which means to knit. Tricot is a finely knit fabric that stretches in both the lengthwise and crosswise directions.


Soft plush fabric with a close, dense pile. It can be made from cotton or a synthetic fiber.


Velvet is a woven fabric made of silk, nylon, acetate, or rayon with a thick, soft pile of cut or uncut loops.


The European term for rayon.


A shiny, plastic-coated fabric typically made with a woven backing of polyester fibers that are then coated with polyvinyl chloride or a blend of PVC and polyurethane.


Wool is a natural fiber that comes from the fleece of a sheep, goat, llama, or alpaca. It can be knitted or woven.


Woven fabrics are made from two pieces of yarn that are stretched out over a loom and woven together in both horizontal and vertical directions.

X-Static Silver Fiber

X-Static silver fiber has a layer of pure silver permanently bonded to the surface of a textile fiber.       

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